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MAKIYAMA - CPTM - Analista de Sistemas e Informações Júnior - 2013
Inglês / Geral

Stocks and the Stock Market

The stock exchange is a marketplace where brokers buy and
sell stocks and bonds for other people. Many countries have
one or more stock exchanges. Smaller stock exchanges often
handle only national stock, whereas the big stock exchanges
handle the stock of big international corporations. (…)
A person who buys stock becomes one of the company’s
owners. They buy a share of a company. A bond is an
agreement to lend money to a company for a certain period of
time. Companies sell stocks and bonds to people because
they need money and want to expand. Sometimes they want
to build more factories or develop more products.
If a company makes profits it can use the earned money in a
few ways. It may decide to invest more into the company and
expand. Most of the time the shareholders of the company get
a dividend, which is a part of the yearly profit. This dividend is
not always the same and can change from year to year.
Most corporations offer two kinds of stock. Owners of common
stock can go to the annual meetings of stockholders, present
their own ideas there, ask questions about the company and
have a right to vote for the board of directors.Owners of
preferred stock usually do not have voting rights or the right to
attend stockholders’ meetings. However, they get dividends.
A person who buys a bond is not buying ownership in a
company but lending the company money. It promises to give
back the money to the bondholder after a certain time, such
as ten or twenty years. In return for the money, the companies
pay interest. Not only companies but also governments can
issue bonds if they need money.
People buy stocks and bonds because they hope that a
corporation will earn money as it grows. As time goes on
shareholders usually earn more money by owning stock than
by saving their money in a bank or investing in other things.
Buying stock is also a risky business. If you buy a share of a
certain company and it does well over the years the value of
your shares will go up. You could sell them at a much higher
price than when you bought them. Sometimes, however,
things happen that make the value of certain stocks go down.
If a company does badly or goes bankrupt the value of your
shares goes down too and you actually lose money.
There are many reasons why the price of a company’s stock
rise or fall. For example if people are afraid that prices will go
down, they may start selling their shares. If many people sell a
large number of stocks, they can actually make prices go
down. If this continues for a longer time it may lead to a crash.
Prices of stocks fall so low that people don’t want to buy them
anymore because they are afraid they won’t get their money
back. (…)
Each year investors trade billions of shares worth hundreds of
billions of dollars. But not all companies are listed on the stock
market. You must be pretty big and have a lot of power. You
must also show the stock exchange that you are in a good
financial position and that you company is doing well. The
world’s biggest stock exchange in New York has about 30000
companies listed.
To see how well or badly stocks are doing most stock
exchanges have an index. This is a number that shows the
average share prices of the major companies. The most
important indices are the Dow Jones (New York), FTSE
(London), DAX (Frankfurt), Nikkei (Tokyo), Hang Seng
(Hongkong). (…)
The first European stock exchange was founded in Antwerp,
Belgium in 1531. The first stock exchange in England was
formed by a group of brokers in London in 1773. Until that
time people usually went to coffee houses to buy and sell
stocks because they found the brokers there.
In New York City brokers met under an old tree on Wall
Street. They organized the New York stock exchange in 1792.
For many years only rich people bought and sold stock. It was
not until World War I that more and more private investors
started investing their money in stocks. There was a huge rise
in value and investors made a lot of money.
The worst crash happened in the United States in October
1929. Over many days investors sold so many stocks that the
whole market collapsed. This affected the economy not only in

America but in Europe as well. Farmers could not sell their
crops, factories couldn’t sell their products, banks had to close
and workers earned very little money. This lasted for almost
ten years and became later known as the Great Depression.

Acesso em 16/07/2013

NOTA: De acordo com site economywatch.com, stocks e shares são

basicamente a mesma coisa: “Stocks and Shares are the two sides of the

same coin. Basically, they both mean the same thing. (...)
Stock is a general term for Shares. Stock is the ownership of certificate (either
in physical or dematerialized form) of any company. Hence we can say that
Stock is the share of any company.” (…)


Assinale a alternativa cuja informação está consonante com o texto.

a) Os bonds não são acessíveis apenas ao governo, qualquer empresa ou pessoa pode adquiri-los.
b) As bolsas de valores são locais onde os corretores negociam a compra e a venda de empresas.
c) As bolsas de valores foram criadas especialmente para a negociação de ações internacionais.
d) A primeira das bolsas de valores a ser criada no mundo e a mais importante delas é a de Nova Iorque.
e) As ações preferenciais têm esse nome porque dão a seus proprietários o direito de votar e participar ativamente nas decisões de uma empresa.

MAKIYAMA - CPTM - Analista de Sistemas e Informações Júnior - 2013
Inglês / Geral

Stocks and the Stock Market

The stock exchange is a marketplace where brokers buy and
sell stocks and bonds for other people. Many countries have
one or more stock exchanges. Smaller stock exchanges often
handle only national stock, whereas the big stock exchanges
handle the stock of big international corporations. (…)
A person who buys stock becomes one of the company’s
owners. They buy a share of a company. A bond is an
agreement to lend money to a company for a certain period of
time. Companies sell stocks and bonds to people because
they need money and want to expand. Sometimes they want
to build more factories or develop more products.
If a company makes profits it can use the earned money in a
few ways. It may decide to invest more into the company and
expand. Most of the time the shareholders of the company get
a dividend, which is a part of the yearly profit. This dividend is
not always the same and can change from year to year.
Most corporations offer two kinds of stock. Owners of common
stock can go to the annual meetings of stockholders, present
their own ideas there, ask questions about the company and
have a right to vote for the board of directors.Owners of
preferred stock usually do not have voting rights or the right to
attend stockholders’ meetings. However, they get dividends.
A person who buys a bond is not buying ownership in a
company but lending the company money. It promises to give
back the money to the bondholder after a certain time, such
as ten or twenty years. In return for the money, the companies
pay interest. Not only companies but also governments can
issue bonds if they need money.
People buy stocks and bonds because they hope that a
corporation will earn money as it grows. As time goes on
shareholders usually earn more money by owning stock than
by saving their money in a bank or investing in other things.
Buying stock is also a risky business. If you buy a share of a
certain company and it does well over the years the value of
your shares will go up. You could sell them at a much higher
price than when you bought them. Sometimes, however,
things happen that make the value of certain stocks go down.
If a company does badly or goes bankrupt the value of your
shares goes down too and you actually lose money.
There are many reasons why the price of a company’s stock
rise or fall. For example if people are afraid that prices will go
down, they may start selling their shares. If many people sell a
large number of stocks, they can actually make prices go
down. If this continues for a longer time it may lead to a crash.
Prices of stocks fall so low that people don’t want to buy them
anymore because they are afraid they won’t get their money
back. (…)
Each year investors trade billions of shares worth hundreds of
billions of dollars. But not all companies are listed on the stock
market. You must be pretty big and have a lot of power. You
must also show the stock exchange that you are in a good
financial position and that you company is doing well. The
world’s biggest stock exchange in New York has about 30000
companies listed.
To see how well or badly stocks are doing most stock
exchanges have an index. This is a number that shows the
average share prices of the major companies. The most
important indices are the Dow Jones (New York), FTSE
(London), DAX (Frankfurt), Nikkei (Tokyo), Hang Seng
(Hongkong). (…)
The first European stock exchange was founded in Antwerp,
Belgium in 1531. The first stock exchange in England was
formed by a group of brokers in London in 1773. Until that
time people usually went to coffee houses to buy and sell
stocks because they found the brokers there.
In New York City brokers met under an old tree on Wall
Street. They organized the New York stock exchange in 1792.
For many years only rich people bought and sold stock. It was
not until World War I that more and more private investors
started investing their money in stocks. There was a huge rise
in value and investors made a lot of money.
The worst crash happened in the United States in October
1929. Over many days investors sold so many stocks that the
whole market collapsed. This affected the economy not only in

America but in Europe as well. Farmers could not sell their
crops, factories couldn’t sell their products, banks had to close
and workers earned very little money. This lasted for almost
ten years and became later known as the Great Depression.

Acesso em 16/07/2013

NOTA: De acordo com site economywatch.com, stocks e shares são

basicamente a mesma coisa: “Stocks and Shares are the two sides of the

same coin. Basically, they both mean the same thing. (...)
Stock is a general term for Shares. Stock is the ownership of certificate (either
in physical or dematerialized form) of any company. Hence we can say that
Stock is the share of any company.” (…)


A compra de ações pode ser um negócio arriscado porque

a) pagam-se altos impostos pela compra delas, o que faria com que o investidor perdesse grande parte do lucro que seria obtido.
b) a probabilidade de as ações prosperarem é praticamente nula, ou seja, significa perda de dinheiro para o investidor.
c) o valor de mercado das ações oscila e pode cair muito, o que faria com que o investidor perdesse o dinheiro investido.
d) o valor das ações fica estagnado ano a ano, o que retarda o retorno de capital e faz com que o investidor perca dinheiro.
e) normalmente, acaba rendendo menos do que se o investidor pusesse o dinheiro no banco.

MAKIYAMA - CPTM - Analista de Sistemas e Informações Júnior - 2013
Inglês / Geral

Stocks and the Stock Market

The stock exchange is a marketplace where brokers buy and
sell stocks and bonds for other people. Many countries have
one or more stock exchanges. Smaller stock exchanges often
handle only national stock, whereas the big stock exchanges
handle the stock of big international corporations. (…)
A person who buys stock becomes one of the company’s
owners. They buy a share of a company. A bond is an
agreement to lend money to a company for a certain period of
time. Companies sell stocks and bonds to people because
they need money and want to expand. Sometimes they want
to build more factories or develop more products.
If a company makes profits it can use the earned money in a
few ways. It may decide to invest more into the company and
expand. Most of the time the shareholders of the company get
a dividend, which is a part of the yearly profit. This dividend is
not always the same and can change from year to year.
Most corporations offer two kinds of stock. Owners of common
stock can go to the annual meetings of stockholders, present
their own ideas there, ask questions about the company and
have a right to vote for the board of directors.Owners of
preferred stock usually do not have voting rights or the right to
attend stockholders’ meetings. However, they get dividends.
A person who buys a bond is not buying ownership in a
company but lending the company money. It promises to give
back the money to the bondholder after a certain time, such
as ten or twenty years. In return for the money, the companies
pay interest. Not only companies but also governments can
issue bonds if they need money.
People buy stocks and bonds because they hope that a
corporation will earn money as it grows. As time goes on
shareholders usually earn more money by owning stock than
by saving their money in a bank or investing in other things.
Buying stock is also a risky business. If you buy a share of a
certain company and it does well over the years the value of
your shares will go up. You could sell them at a much higher
price than when you bought them. Sometimes, however,
things happen that make the value of certain stocks go down.
If a company does badly or goes bankrupt the value of your
shares goes down too and you actually lose money.
There are many reasons why the price of a company’s stock
rise or fall. For example if people are afraid that prices will go
down, they may start selling their shares. If many people sell a
large number of stocks, they can actually make prices go
down. If this continues for a longer time it may lead to a crash.
Prices of stocks fall so low that people don’t want to buy them
anymore because they are afraid they won’t get their money
back. (…)
Each year investors trade billions of shares worth hundreds of
billions of dollars. But not all companies are listed on the stock
market. You must be pretty big and have a lot of power. You
must also show the stock exchange that you are in a good
financial position and that you company is doing well. The
world’s biggest stock exchange in New York has about 30000
companies listed.
To see how well or badly stocks are doing most stock
exchanges have an index. This is a number that shows the
average share prices of the major companies. The most
important indices are the Dow Jones (New York), FTSE
(London), DAX (Frankfurt), Nikkei (Tokyo), Hang Seng
(Hongkong). (…)
The first European stock exchange was founded in Antwerp,
Belgium in 1531. The first stock exchange in England was
formed by a group of brokers in London in 1773. Until that
time people usually went to coffee houses to buy and sell
stocks because they found the brokers there.
In New York City brokers met under an old tree on Wall
Street. They organized the New York stock exchange in 1792.
For many years only rich people bought and sold stock. It was
not until World War I that more and more private investors
started investing their money in stocks. There was a huge rise
in value and investors made a lot of money.
The worst crash happened in the United States in October
1929. Over many days investors sold so many stocks that the
whole market collapsed. This affected the economy not only in

America but in Europe as well. Farmers could not sell their
crops, factories couldn’t sell their products, banks had to close
and workers earned very little money. This lasted for almost
ten years and became later known as the Great Depression.

Acesso em 16/07/2013

NOTA: De acordo com site economywatch.com, stocks e shares são

basicamente a mesma coisa: “Stocks and Shares are the two sides of the

same coin. Basically, they both mean the same thing. (...)
Stock is a general term for Shares. Stock is the ownership of certificate (either
in physical or dematerialized form) of any company. Hence we can say that
Stock is the share of any company.” (…)


Conforme o texto, dividendo é uma parte:

a) Da quantidade total de ações que uma empresa adquire no decorrer do ano.
b) Da quantidade de ações disponíveis para venda que uma empresa tem.
c) Das ações promocionais de uma empresa.
d) Do lucro anual de uma empresa.
e) Das dívidas anuais de uma empresa.

MAKIYAMA - CPTM - Analista de Sistemas e Informações Júnior - 2013
Inglês / Geral

Stocks and the Stock Market

The stock exchange is a marketplace where brokers buy and
sell stocks and bonds for other people. Many countries have
one or more stock exchanges. Smaller stock exchanges often
handle only national stock, whereas the big stock exchanges
handle the stock of big international corporations. (…)
A person who buys stock becomes one of the company’s
owners. They buy a share of a company. A bond is an
agreement to lend money to a company for a certain period of
time. Companies sell stocks and bonds to people because
they need money and want to expand. Sometimes they want
to build more factories or develop more products.
If a company makes profits it can use the earned money in a
few ways. It may decide to invest more into the company and
expand. Most of the time the shareholders of the company get
a dividend, which is a part of the yearly profit. This dividend is
not always the same and can change from year to year.
Most corporations offer two kinds of stock. Owners of common
stock can go to the annual meetings of stockholders, present
their own ideas there, ask questions about the company and
have a right to vote for the board of directors.Owners of
preferred stock usually do not have voting rights or the right to
attend stockholders’ meetings. However, they get dividends.
A person who buys a bond is not buying ownership in a
company but lending the company money. It promises to give
back the money to the bondholder after a certain time, such
as ten or twenty years. In return for the money, the companies
pay interest. Not only companies but also governments can
issue bonds if they need money.
People buy stocks and bonds because they hope that a
corporation will earn money as it grows. As time goes on
shareholders usually earn more money by owning stock than
by saving their money in a bank or investing in other things.
Buying stock is also a risky business. If you buy a share of a
certain company and it does well over the years the value of
your shares will go up. You could sell them at a much higher
price than when you bought them. Sometimes, however,
things happen that make the value of certain stocks go down.
If a company does badly or goes bankrupt the value of your
shares goes down too and you actually lose money.
There are many reasons why the price of a company’s stock
rise or fall. For example if people are afraid that prices will go
down, they may start selling their shares. If many people sell a
large number of stocks, they can actually make prices go
down. If this continues for a longer time it may lead to a crash.
Prices of stocks fall so low that people don’t want to buy them
anymore because they are afraid they won’t get their money
back. (…)
Each year investors trade billions of shares worth hundreds of
billions of dollars. But not all companies are listed on the stock
market. You must be pretty big and have a lot of power. You
must also show the stock exchange that you are in a good
financial position and that you company is doing well. The
world’s biggest stock exchange in New York has about 30000
companies listed.
To see how well or badly stocks are doing most stock
exchanges have an index. This is a number that shows the
average share prices of the major companies. The most
important indices are the Dow Jones (New York), FTSE
(London), DAX (Frankfurt), Nikkei (Tokyo), Hang Seng
(Hongkong). (…)
The first European stock exchange was founded in Antwerp,
Belgium in 1531. The first stock exchange in England was
formed by a group of brokers in London in 1773. Until that
time people usually went to coffee houses to buy and sell
stocks because they found the brokers there.
In New York City brokers met under an old tree on Wall
Street. They organized the New York stock exchange in 1792.
For many years only rich people bought and sold stock. It was
not until World War I that more and more private investors
started investing their money in stocks. There was a huge rise
in value and investors made a lot of money.
The worst crash happened in the United States in October
1929. Over many days investors sold so many stocks that the
whole market collapsed. This affected the economy not only in

America but in Europe as well. Farmers could not sell their
crops, factories couldn’t sell their products, banks had to close
and workers earned very little money. This lasted for almost
ten years and became later known as the Great Depression.

Acesso em 16/07/2013

NOTA: De acordo com site economywatch.com, stocks e shares são

basicamente a mesma coisa: “Stocks and Shares are the two sides of the

same coin. Basically, they both mean the same thing. (...)
Stock is a general term for Shares. Stock is the ownership of certificate (either
in physical or dematerialized form) of any company. Hence we can say that
Stock is the share of any company.” (…)


De acordo com o texto, a Grande Depressão de 1929:

a) Foi a pior crise econômica do continente europeu, levando muitos investidores à total falência.
b) Foi muito severa e não somente afetou, como arruinou a economia da América, mas, na Europa, ficou tudo bem.
c) Ocorreu porque houve uma ruptura, durante vários dias, no ritmo de venda de ações, de modo que a Bolsa de Nova Iorque entrou em colapso.
d) Foi tão devastadora que seus efeitos perduraram por mais de décadas.
e) Afetou também outros profissionais além dos investidores da bolsa.

MAKIYAMA - CPTM - Analista de Sistemas e Informações Júnior - 2013
Inglês / Geral

Stocks and the Stock Market

The stock exchange is a marketplace where brokers buy and
sell stocks and bonds for other people. Many countries have
one or more stock exchanges. Smaller stock exchanges often
handle only national stock, whereas the big stock exchanges
handle the stock of big international corporations. (…)
A person who buys stock becomes one of the company’s
owners. They buy a share of a company. A bond is an
agreement to lend money to a company for a certain period of
time. Companies sell stocks and bonds to people because
they need money and want to expand. Sometimes they want
to build more factories or develop more products.
If a company makes profits it can use the earned money in a
few ways. It may decide to invest more into the company and
expand. Most of the time the shareholders of the company get
a dividend, which is a part of the yearly profit. This dividend is
not always the same and can change from year to year.
Most corporations offer two kinds of stock. Owners of common
stock can go to the annual meetings of stockholders, present
their own ideas there, ask questions about the company and
have a right to vote for the board of directors.Owners of
preferred stock usually do not have voting rights or the right to
attend stockholders’ meetings. However, they get dividends.
A person who buys a bond is not buying ownership in a
company but lending the company money. It promises to give
back the money to the bondholder after a certain time, such
as ten or twenty years. In return for the money, the companies
pay interest. Not only companies but also governments can
issue bonds if they need money.
People buy stocks and bonds because they hope that a
corporation will earn money as it grows. As time goes on
shareholders usually earn more money by owning stock than
by saving their money in a bank or investing in other things.
Buying stock is also a risky business. If you buy a share of a
certain company and it does well over the years the value of
your shares will go up. You could sell them at a much higher
price than when you bought them. Sometimes, however,
things happen that make the value of certain stocks go down.
If a company does badly or goes bankrupt the value of your
shares goes down too and you actually lose money.
There are many reasons why the price of a company’s stock
rise or fall. For example if people are afraid that prices will go
down, they may start selling their shares. If many people sell a
large number of stocks, they can actually make prices go
down. If this continues for a longer time it may lead to a crash.
Prices of stocks fall so low that people don’t want to buy them
anymore because they are afraid they won’t get their money
back. (…)
Each year investors trade billions of shares worth hundreds of
billions of dollars. But not all companies are listed on the stock
market. You must be pretty big and have a lot of power. You
must also show the stock exchange that you are in a good
financial position and that you company is doing well. The
world’s biggest stock exchange in New York has about 30000
companies listed.
To see how well or badly stocks are doing most stock
exchanges have an index. This is a number that shows the
average share prices of the major companies. The most
important indices are the Dow Jones (New York), FTSE
(London), DAX (Frankfurt), Nikkei (Tokyo), Hang Seng
(Hongkong). (…)
The first European stock exchange was founded in Antwerp,
Belgium in 1531. The first stock exchange in England was
formed by a group of brokers in London in 1773. Until that
time people usually went to coffee houses to buy and sell
stocks because they found the brokers there.
In New York City brokers met under an old tree on Wall
Street. They organized the New York stock exchange in 1792.
For many years only rich people bought and sold stock. It was
not until World War I that more and more private investors
started investing their money in stocks. There was a huge rise
in value and investors made a lot of money.
The worst crash happened in the United States in October
1929. Over many days investors sold so many stocks that the
whole market collapsed. This affected the economy not only in

America but in Europe as well. Farmers could not sell their
crops, factories couldn’t sell their products, banks had to close
and workers earned very little money. This lasted for almost
ten years and became later known as the Great Depression.

Acesso em 16/07/2013

NOTA: De acordo com site economywatch.com, stocks e shares são

basicamente a mesma coisa: “Stocks and Shares are the two sides of the

same coin. Basically, they both mean the same thing. (...)
Stock is a general term for Shares. Stock is the ownership of certificate (either
in physical or dematerialized form) of any company. Hence we can say that
Stock is the share of any company.” (…)


Qual dos termos dispostos a seguir, encontrados no texto, NÃO é um pronome?

a) whereas
b) which
c) they
d) your
e) it

MAKIYAMA - CPTM - Analista de Sistemas e Informações Júnior - 2013
Inglês / Geral

Stocks and the Stock Market

The stock exchange is a marketplace where brokers buy and
sell stocks and bonds for other people. Many countries have
one or more stock exchanges. Smaller stock exchanges often
handle only national stock, whereas the big stock exchanges
handle the stock of big international corporations. (…)
A person who buys stock becomes one of the company’s
owners. They buy a share of a company. A bond is an
agreement to lend money to a company for a certain period of
time. Companies sell stocks and bonds to people because
they need money and want to expand. Sometimes they want
to build more factories or develop more products.
If a company makes profits it can use the earned money in a
few ways. It may decide to invest more into the company and
expand. Most of the time the shareholders of the company get
a dividend, which is a part of the yearly profit. This dividend is
not always the same and can change from year to year.
Most corporations offer two kinds of stock. Owners of common
stock can go to the annual meetings of stockholders, present
their own ideas there, ask questions about the company and
have a right to vote for the board of directors.Owners of
preferred stock usually do not have voting rights or the right to
attend stockholders’ meetings. However, they get dividends.
A person who buys a bond is not buying ownership in a
company but lending the company money. It promises to give
back the money to the bondholder after a certain time, such
as ten or twenty years. In return for the money, the companies
pay interest. Not only companies but also governments can
issue bonds if they need money.
People buy stocks and bonds because they hope that a
corporation will earn money as it grows. As time goes on
shareholders usually earn more money by owning stock than
by saving their money in a bank or investing in other things.
Buying stock is also a risky business. If you buy a share of a
certain company and it does well over the years the value of
your shares will go up. You could sell them at a much higher
price than when you bought them. Sometimes, however,
things happen that make the value of certain stocks go down.
If a company does badly or goes bankrupt the value of your
shares goes down too and you actually lose money.
There are many reasons why the price of a company’s stock
rise or fall. For example if people are afraid that prices will go
down, they may start selling their shares. If many people sell a
large number of stocks, they can actually make prices go
down. If this continues for a longer time it may lead to a crash.
Prices of stocks fall so low that people don’t want to buy them
anymore because they are afraid they won’t get their money
back. (…)
Each year investors trade billions of shares worth hundreds of
billions of dollars. But not all companies are listed on the stock
market. You must be pretty big and have a lot of power. You
must also show the stock exchange that you are in a good
financial position and that you company is doing well. The
world’s biggest stock exchange in New York has about 30000
companies listed.
To see how well or badly stocks are doing most stock
exchanges have an index. This is a number that shows the
average share prices of the major companies. The most
important indices are the Dow Jones (New York), FTSE
(London), DAX (Frankfurt), Nikkei (Tokyo), Hang Seng
(Hongkong). (…)
The first European stock exchange was founded in Antwerp,
Belgium in 1531. The first stock exchange in England was
formed by a group of brokers in London in 1773. Until that
time people usually went to coffee houses to buy and sell
stocks because they found the brokers there.
In New York City brokers met under an old tree on Wall
Street. They organized the New York stock exchange in 1792.
For many years only rich people bought and sold stock. It was
not until World War I that more and more private investors
started investing their money in stocks. There was a huge rise
in value and investors made a lot of money.
The worst crash happened in the United States in October
1929. Over many days investors sold so many stocks that the
whole market collapsed. This affected the economy not only in

America but in Europe as well. Farmers could not sell their
crops, factories couldn’t sell their products, banks had to close
and workers earned very little money. This lasted for almost
ten years and became later known as the Great Depression.

Acesso em 16/07/2013

NOTA: De acordo com site economywatch.com, stocks e shares são

basicamente a mesma coisa: “Stocks and Shares are the two sides of the

same coin. Basically, they both mean the same thing. (...)
Stock is a general term for Shares. Stock is the ownership of certificate (either
in physical or dematerialized form) of any company. Hence we can say that
Stock is the share of any company.” (…)


"Buying stock is also a risky business."
Como fica a oração acima no passado simples e na forma interrogativa?

a) Did buying stock were also a risky business?
b) Did buying stock also a risky business?
c) Does buying stock also a risky business?
d) Were buying stock also a risky business?
e) Was buying stock also a risky business?

MAKIYAMA - CPTM - Analista de Sistemas e Informações Júnior - 2013
Inglês / Geral

Stocks and the Stock Market

The stock exchange is a marketplace where brokers buy and
sell stocks and bonds for other people. Many countries have
one or more stock exchanges. Smaller stock exchanges often
handle only national stock, whereas the big stock exchanges
handle the stock of big international corporations. (…)
A person who buys stock becomes one of the company’s
owners. They buy a share of a company. A bond is an
agreement to lend money to a company for a certain period of
time. Companies sell stocks and bonds to people because
they need money and want to expand. Sometimes they want
to build more factories or develop more products.
If a company makes profits it can use the earned money in a
few ways. It may decide to invest more into the company and
expand. Most of the time the shareholders of the company get
a dividend, which is a part of the yearly profit. This dividend is
not always the same and can change from year to year.
Most corporations offer two kinds of stock. Owners of common
stock can go to the annual meetings of stockholders, present
their own ideas there, ask questions about the company and
have a right to vote for the board of directors.Owners of
preferred stock usually do not have voting rights or the right to
attend stockholders’ meetings. However, they get dividends.
A person who buys a bond is not buying ownership in a
company but lending the company money. It promises to give
back the money to the bondholder after a certain time, such
as ten or twenty years. In return for the money, the companies
pay interest. Not only companies but also governments can
issue bonds if they need money.
People buy stocks and bonds because they hope that a
corporation will earn money as it grows. As time goes on
shareholders usually earn more money by owning stock than
by saving their money in a bank or investing in other things.
Buying stock is also a risky business. If you buy a share of a
certain company and it does well over the years the value of
your shares will go up. You could sell them at a much higher
price than when you bought them. Sometimes, however,
things happen that make the value of certain stocks go down.
If a company does badly or goes bankrupt the value of your
shares goes down too and you actually lose money.
There are many reasons why the price of a company’s stock
rise or fall. For example if people are afraid that prices will go
down, they may start selling their shares. If many people sell a
large number of stocks, they can actually make prices go
down. If this continues for a longer time it may lead to a crash.
Prices of stocks fall so low that people don’t want to buy them
anymore because they are afraid they won’t get their money
back. (…)
Each year investors trade billions of shares worth hundreds of
billions of dollars. But not all companies are listed on the stock
market. You must be pretty big and have a lot of power. You
must also show the stock exchange that you are in a good
financial position and that you company is doing well. The
world’s biggest stock exchange in New York has about 30000
companies listed.
To see how well or badly stocks are doing most stock
exchanges have an index. This is a number that shows the
average share prices of the major companies. The most
important indices are the Dow Jones (New York), FTSE
(London), DAX (Frankfurt), Nikkei (Tokyo), Hang Seng
(Hongkong). (…)
The first European stock exchange was founded in Antwerp,
Belgium in 1531. The first stock exchange in England was
formed by a group of brokers in London in 1773. Until that
time people usually went to coffee houses to buy and sell
stocks because they found the brokers there.
In New York City brokers met under an old tree on Wall
Street. They organized the New York stock exchange in 1792.
For many years only rich people bought and sold stock. It was
not until World War I that more and more private investors
started investing their money in stocks. There was a huge rise
in value and investors made a lot of money.
The worst crash happened in the United States in October
1929. Over many days investors sold so many stocks that the
whole market collapsed. This affected the economy not only in

America but in Europe as well. Farmers could not sell their
crops, factories couldn’t sell their products, banks had to close
and workers earned very little money. This lasted for almost
ten years and became later known as the Great Depression.

Acesso em 16/07/2013

NOTA: De acordo com site economywatch.com, stocks e shares são

basicamente a mesma coisa: “Stocks and Shares are the two sides of the

same coin. Basically, they both mean the same thing. (...)
Stock is a general term for Shares. Stock is the ownership of certificate (either
in physical or dematerialized form) of any company. Hence we can say that
Stock is the share of any company.” (…)


Assinale a alternativa em que os dois elementos dados são, em Inglês, advérbios de modo e de frequência, respectivamente:

a) badly - annual
b) yearly - Sometimes
c) directly - often
d) risky - usually
e) automatically - quickly

MAKIYAMA - CPTM - Analista de Sistemas e Informações Júnior - 2013
Inglês / Geral

Stocks and the Stock Market

The stock exchange is a marketplace where brokers buy and
sell stocks and bonds for other people. Many countries have
one or more stock exchanges. Smaller stock exchanges often
handle only national stock, whereas the big stock exchanges
handle the stock of big international corporations. (…)
A person who buys stock becomes one of the company’s
owners. They buy a share of a company. A bond is an
agreement to lend money to a company for a certain period of
time. Companies sell stocks and bonds to people because
they need money and want to expand. Sometimes they want
to build more factories or develop more products.
If a company makes profits it can use the earned money in a
few ways. It may decide to invest more into the company and
expand. Most of the time the shareholders of the company get
a dividend, which is a part of the yearly profit. This dividend is
not always the same and can change from year to year.
Most corporations offer two kinds of stock. Owners of common
stock can go to the annual meetings of stockholders, present
their own ideas there, ask questions about the company and
have a right to vote for the board of directors.Owners of
preferred stock usually do not have voting rights or the right to
attend stockholders’ meetings. However, they get dividends.
A person who buys a bond is not buying ownership in a
company but lending the company money. It promises to give
back the money to the bondholder after a certain time, such
as ten or twenty years. In return for the money, the companies
pay interest. Not only companies but also governments can
issue bonds if they need money.
People buy stocks and bonds because they hope that a
corporation will earn money as it grows. As time goes on
shareholders usually earn more money by owning stock than
by saving their money in a bank or investing in other things.
Buying stock is also a risky business. If you buy a share of a
certain company and it does well over the years the value of
your shares will go up. You could sell them at a much higher
price than when you bought them. Sometimes, however,
things happen that make the value of certain stocks go down.
If a company does badly or goes bankrupt the value of your
shares goes down too and you actually lose money.
There are many reasons why the price of a company’s stock
rise or fall. For example if people are afraid that prices will go
down, they may start selling their shares. If many people sell a
large number of stocks, they can actually make prices go
down. If this continues for a longer time it may lead to a crash.
Prices of stocks fall so low that people don’t want to buy them
anymore because they are afraid they won’t get their money
back. (…)
Each year investors trade billions of shares worth hundreds of
billions of dollars. But not all companies are listed on the stock
market. You must be pretty big and have a lot of power. You
must also show the stock exchange that you are in a good
financial position and that you company is doing well. The
world’s biggest stock exchange in New York has about 30000
companies listed.
To see how well or badly stocks are doing most stock
exchanges have an index. This is a number that shows the
average share prices of the major companies. The most
important indices are the Dow Jones (New York), FTSE
(London), DAX (Frankfurt), Nikkei (Tokyo), Hang Seng
(Hongkong). (…)
The first European stock exchange was founded in Antwerp,
Belgium in 1531. The first stock exchange in England was
formed by a group of brokers in London in 1773. Until that
time people usually went to coffee houses to buy and sell
stocks because they found the brokers there.
In New York City brokers met under an old tree on Wall
Street. They organized the New York stock exchange in 1792.
For many years only rich people bought and sold stock. It was
not until World War I that more and more private investors
started investing their money in stocks. There was a huge rise
in value and investors made a lot of money.
The worst crash happened in the United States in October
1929. Over many days investors sold so many stocks that the
whole market collapsed. This affected the economy not only in

America but in Europe as well. Farmers could not sell their
crops, factories couldn’t sell their products, banks had to close
and workers earned very little money. This lasted for almost
ten years and became later known as the Great Depression.

Acesso em 16/07/2013

NOTA: De acordo com site economywatch.com, stocks e shares são

basicamente a mesma coisa: “Stocks and Shares are the two sides of the

same coin. Basically, they both mean the same thing. (...)
Stock is a general term for Shares. Stock is the ownership of certificate (either
in physical or dematerialized form) of any company. Hence we can say that
Stock is the share of any company.” (…)


[…] "a corporation will earn money as it grows."

O termo em destaque acima, neste contexto, equivale, em Português, a:

a) contanto
b) conforme
c) assim como
d) para que
e) até que

MAKIYAMA - CPTM - Analista de Sistemas e Informações Júnior - 2013
Inglês / Geral

Stocks and the Stock Market

The stock exchange is a marketplace where brokers buy and
sell stocks and bonds for other people. Many countries have
one or more stock exchanges. Smaller stock exchanges often
handle only national stock, whereas the big stock exchanges
handle the stock of big international corporations. (…)
A person who buys stock becomes one of the company’s
owners. They buy a share of a company. A bond is an
agreement to lend money to a company for a certain period of
time. Companies sell stocks and bonds to people because
they need money and want to expand. Sometimes they want
to build more factories or develop more products.
If a company makes profits it can use the earned money in a
few ways. It may decide to invest more into the company and
expand. Most of the time the shareholders of the company get
a dividend, which is a part of the yearly profit. This dividend is
not always the same and can change from year to year.
Most corporations offer two kinds of stock. Owners of common
stock can go to the annual meetings of stockholders, present
their own ideas there, ask questions about the company and
have a right to vote for the board of directors.Owners of
preferred stock usually do not have voting rights or the right to
attend stockholders’ meetings. However, they get dividends.
A person who buys a bond is not buying ownership in a
company but lending the company money. It promises to give
back the money to the bondholder after a certain time, such
as ten or twenty years. In return for the money, the companies
pay interest. Not only companies but also governments can
issue bonds if they need money.
People buy stocks and bonds because they hope that a
corporation will earn money as it grows. As time goes on
shareholders usually earn more money by owning stock than
by saving their money in a bank or investing in other things.
Buying stock is also a risky business. If you buy a share of a
certain company and it does well over the years the value of
your shares will go up. You could sell them at a much higher
price than when you bought them. Sometimes, however,
things happen that make the value of certain stocks go down.
If a company does badly or goes bankrupt the value of your
shares goes down too and you actually lose money.
There are many reasons why the price of a company’s stock
rise or fall. For example if people are afraid that prices will go
down, they may start selling their shares. If many people sell a
large number of stocks, they can actually make prices go
down. If this continues for a longer time it may lead to a crash.
Prices of stocks fall so low that people don’t want to buy them
anymore because they are afraid they won’t get their money
back. (…)
Each year investors trade billions of shares worth hundreds of
billions of dollars. But not all companies are listed on the stock
market. You must be pretty big and have a lot of power. You
must also show the stock exchange that you are in a good
financial position and that you company is doing well. The
world’s biggest stock exchange in New York has about 30000
companies listed.
To see how well or badly stocks are doing most stock
exchanges have an index. This is a number that shows the
average share prices of the major companies. The most
important indices are the Dow Jones (New York), FTSE
(London), DAX (Frankfurt), Nikkei (Tokyo), Hang Seng
(Hongkong). (…)
The first European stock exchange was founded in Antwerp,
Belgium in 1531. The first stock exchange in England was
formed by a group of brokers in London in 1773. Until that
time people usually went to coffee houses to buy and sell
stocks because they found the brokers there.
In New York City brokers met under an old tree on Wall
Street. They organized the New York stock exchange in 1792.
For many years only rich people bought and sold stock. It was
not until World War I that more and more private investors
started investing their money in stocks. There was a huge rise
in value and investors made a lot of money.
The worst crash happened in the United States in October
1929. Over many days investors sold so many stocks that the
whole market collapsed. This affected the economy not only in

America but in Europe as well. Farmers could not sell their
crops, factories couldn’t sell their products, banks had to close
and workers earned very little money. This lasted for almost
ten years and became later known as the Great Depression.

Acesso em 16/07/2013

NOTA: De acordo com site economywatch.com, stocks e shares são

basicamente a mesma coisa: “Stocks and Shares are the two sides of the

same coin. Basically, they both mean the same thing. (...)
Stock is a general term for Shares. Stock is the ownership of certificate (either
in physical or dematerialized form) of any company. Hence we can say that
Stock is the share of any company.” (…)


Leia o excerto abaixo e, em seguida, complete corretamente o espaço na oração com um dos termos encontrados no texto e dispostos nas alternativas:
[…] "the value of your shares will go up."
If the shares" value will go up, so the shares will be ____________ a lot.

a) risky
b) worth
c) afraid
d) average
e) board

MAKIYAMA - CPTM - Analista de Sistemas e Informações Júnior - 2013
Matemática / Geral

Determinado brinquedo consiste em um cubo formado por certo número de cubos menores e de mesmo tamanho, todos têm 2 centímetros de aresta. Se o cubo maior tem 216 cm³ de volume, qual a quantidade de cubos menores necessários para formá-lo?

a) 9
b) 27
c) 36
d) 16
e) 18

Seja aprovado em 1 ano Conheça o método para ser aprovado em Concurso Público

Estude Grátis é uma simples e poderosa ferramenta que lhe ajudará a passar nos melhores Concursos Públicos. São milhares de Questões de Concurso para você filtrar e estudar somente aqueles temas que estão especificados em seu Edital.